The Role of Practical Lifestyle Changes
Pregnancy and Birth
PCOS is a metabolic disorder that affects 5 – 7.5% of all women. It is the number one cause of infertility and if left untreated, can increase risk of endometrial cancer. In addition, women with PCOS are at a greater risk for heart disease and diabetes.
One of the problems with sonography of the early pregnancy is the inability to clearly determine if the gestation sac is intrauterine or extrauterine (ectopic) in nature. This task is even more complicated by the controversies arising from whether the “sac” seen is a true sac or a pseudosac of ectopic pregnancy.
Telemedicine is the electronic transmission of health information for the delivery of clinical care from a distance. Today it is increasingly used to provide efficiencies in the delivery of women’s health care.
In 1935 Drs Stein and Leventhal described 7 women with irregular periods (oligomenorrhea), increased body hair (hirsutism) and obesity, who at the time of surgery were found to have enlarged ovaries with a smooth "pearly white" appearance.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by anovulation (irregular or absent menstrual periods) and hyperandrogenism (elevated serum testosterone and androstenedione). Patients with this syndrome may complain of abnormal bleeding, infertility, obesity, excess hair growth, hair loss and acne.
Stein and Leventhal were the first to recognize an association between the presence of polycystic ovaries and signs of hirsutism, amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and obesity. Subsequently, it was reported that after successful wedge resection of the ovaries in women diagnosed with Stein-Leventhal syndrome, menstrual cycles became regular and these patients were able to conceive.
OBGYN.net Broadcasting present Part VIII of a series on Weight Loss Surgery. This series is unique in that we follow the patient from pre-op to one year post-op.
OBGYN.net Broadcasting present Part VI of a series on Weight Loss Surgery. This series is unique in that we follow the patient from pre-op to one year post-op.
Researchers have found that obese women are twice as likely to experience failed induction of labor compared to women of normal weight. The rate of failed induction increased with increasing obesity. Further, obesity was also associated with increased neonatal morbidity—infants born to obese women were more likely to have an Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes, require assisted ventilation, require use of antibiotics, and experience neonatal transfer.