Admission CT for Appendicitis Predicts Resource Utilization

October 9, 2015

CT performed on admission for patients with suspected acute appendicitis can predict hospital resource utilization.

Admission CT findings are independent predictors of hospital resource utilization in suspected acute appendicitis, according to a study published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Researchers from the NYU School of Medicine in New York retrospectively investigated the association between baseline CT findings in suspected acute appendicitis and subsequent hospital resource utilization.

The study included 138 patients (76 male and 62 female patients, mean age of 40), who were admitted for suspected acute appendicitis and underwent baseline CT. Among this group, 97 patients (70.3%) underwent inpatient surgery. A total of 89 of the 97 surgeries (91.8%) were performed using a laparoscopic approach, and eight (8.2%) were performed using an open approach. Fifty-three of the patients had surgery the same day as the CT exam, 38 the following day.

Significant independent predictors of inpatient surgery were:

Older age

Lower Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)

Smaller appendiceal wall thickness

Absence of loculated RLQ fluid collection

Absence of periappendiceal free fluid

These yielded a sensitivity of 92.7% (89 of 96) and a specificity of 65.8% (25 of 38) in prediction of inpatient surgery.

Twenty-two more patients underwent surgery for appendicitis after they had been discharged; resulting in 84.1% of patients undergoing surgery.

Significant independent predictors of same-day discharge were:

Smaller appendiceal diameter

Absence of periappendiceal fluid

Laparoscopic surgery

Significant independent predictors of repeat abdominopelvic CT were:

Greater CCI

Greater wall thickness

Presence of periappendiceal fluid

“Presence of an appendicolith was the only significant predictor of repeat emergency department visit within 30 days,” the authors noted. “[A]nd the only significant predictor of repeat inpatient admission within 30 days. Greater appendiceal diameter and presence of free air were significant predictors of inpatient costs.”

Predicted costs were:

$8047 + ($745 × appendiceal diameter) if free air was absent; and $−39,261 + ($4426 × appendiceal diameter) if free air was present

The authors pointed out that costs were poorly predicted when greater than $45,000.