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How Will President Biden's New Executive Order on AI Impact Radiology?

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The executive order seeks to promote continued innovation and growth with artificial intelligence (AI) while ensuring monitoring of AI models for safety, privacy, and equity.

In an executive order issued on October 30, President Joe Biden promoted new standards that may have a significant impact on the development, training, and implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) models in radiology.

The executive order tasks the Department of Commerce to provide standards and best practices to clearly identify and authenticate content generated by AI. This measure may impact the use of AI as a patient communication tool in radiology.

The executive order emphasized the establishment of a program to facilitate the development of AI tools to address cybersecurity vulnerabilities in software and networks.

In regard to potential AI risks with the collection and use of commercially available information, including information obtained from data brokers, the executive order emphasized a forthcoming strengthening of privacy guidance for federal agencies. Guidelines will also be implemented for assessment of privacy measures, including measures used by federal agencies in AI systems, according to the executive order.

Federal benefits programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, will be given clear guidance on measures to prevent potential discrimination issues that may be exacerbated by the use of AI algorithms. The executive order emphasized technical assistance and training to help address possible issues with algorithmic discrimination.

President Biden also noted the Department of Health and Human Services will initiate a program that allows the reporting of harmful health-care practices related to AI and has the capacity to pursue a remedy for those issues.

Piloting of the National AI Research Resource will facilitate access to resources and data on AI for researchers and students, according to the executive order, which also suggested the possibility of expanded grants for AI research in health care. The executive order also noted promotion of access to technical resources and assistance for small developers of AI models and assistance with facilitating commercialization of “AI breakthroughs.”

In regard to concern about AI automating certain job positions, the executive order calls for a report on the potential impact of AI on the labor market. The executive order also emphasized the development of best practices to facilitate optimal use of AI for workers and help address possible job displacement or labor disruptions that may result from AI implementation.

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